Photoshop

Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop can turn almost any lifeless photo into a money-making asset. 

This space for the beginners to understand Photoshop step by step

What you will learn.

Creating a New Project
Basic Tools
Layer, Groups and Guides
Filters and Image Adjustments
Creating a Wallpaper

Step: 1 Creating New Project

  1. Open Photoshop.
  2. Go to ‘File > New’ or
  3. Press Ctrl/Cmd + N.

A window will now open which will have:

Name – This is the name of your document.

Width – This is the width of your document.

Hight – This is the hight of your document

Resolution – This is resolution of your document. 72 PPI is used for Web and 300 PPI is for Print. PPI stand for ‘Pixels Per Inch’

Colour Mode – This is the colour type for your document. I suggest you leave it as RGB Colour for now and keep it as 8 Bit

Background Contents – This is what your background will be. I suggest you leave it as White.

Once you have selected the setting you want, click ‘OK’.

Here are some common document sizes:

720p – 1280 x 720 @ 72 PPI

1080p – 1920 x 1080 @ 72 PPI

A4 – 595×842 @ 72 PPI OR 2480×3508 @ 300 PPI

A3 – 842×1191 @ 72 PPI OR 3508×4962 @ 300 PPI

Step: 2 Basic Tools

Move Tool: This tool can be used to move items around

Marquee Tool: This tool can be used to make selections. 

There are four different types which are:
Rectangular       – This will make a Rectangular selection
Elliptical            – This will make an Elliptical selection
Single Column  – This will make a Column selection
Single Row        – This will make a Row selection

Lasso: This tool can also be used to make selections.

There are three different types which are:
Lasso                    – This can make a freehand selection
Polygonal Lasso – This will make a selection with lines
Magnetic Lasso  – This will make a selection by shaping onto objects.

Quick Selection: This tool can be used to make a selection of objects by painting on them with an adjustable brush.

Crop: This tool can be used to trim images.

Eraser: This tool can be used to erase pixels of an image.

Brush Tool: Paints a brushstroke.

Pencil Tool: Paints are hard-edged strokes.

Gradient: This tool can be used to make a straight-line, radial, angle, reflected, and diamond blends between colors.

Paint Bucket: Fills similar colored areas with the foreground color

Pen: This tool can be used to create smooth-edged paths. You can use the Freeform Pen to create paths free-handed.

Type Tool: This tool creates a text box that can be used to type text into.

Shape Tools: These tools can be used to create shapes. There are six different types of shape tools which are:
Rectangle, Rounded Rectangle, Ellipse, Polygon, Line and Custom Shape

Hand: This tool can be used to move an image within the window.

Zoom: Zoom in and out.

Step: 3 Layers, Groups and Guides

Layers all speak about the design, each layer has its own effect and you can edit a particular subject in the layout without affecting any other subject

Create New Layer. To create a new layer, go into ‘Layer > New > Layer’ or by click the box with folded corner at the bottom right hand comer of the window.

Locking Layers. Layers can be locked which means that they can’t be edited until you unlock it. There are Three different types of Locks.

Lock Transparent Pixels – This will make the pixels you erase black instead of getting rid of them.

Lock Image Pixels – This will mean you can’t change the pixels into anything such as colouring it in.

Lock Position – This will mean you are not able to move the image.

The last one will lock everything which mean you will not be able to edit it at all.

Hiding Layer. Layer can be hiding by press the ‘Eye’ icon next to the layer. Click it again and the layer will be visible again.

Layer Style. These are some setting that can be changes to make the layer look different. To open the layer style window just double click the layer which will open a new window. Some things you can do are:

Opacity – Change the opacity of the layer.

Stroke – Put an outline on the layer.

Inner Shadow – Puts a shadow inside the layer which give it an effect of it is going inside.

Inner Glow – Put a glow on the inside.

Color Overlay – Put a color on top of the layer.

Gradient Overlay – Put a gradient on top of the layer.

Pattern Overlay – Put a pattern on top of the layer.

Outer Glow – Put a glow outside the layer.

Drop Shadow – Put a shadow underneath the layer which give the effect of it floating.

Groups. Groups are used to organised your layer. You can create a group by clicking on the folder button at the button right hand corner of the window.

Guides. Guides are used for Balancing the space in layout. To make a new guide go to ‘View > New Guide’. This will bring up a new window. You can choose weather the guide is vertical or horizontal. Then write where it is. I recommend you use ‘%’. I suggest when you start a new project you make two guides, one vertical at 50% and the other horizontal at 50%.

Step 4: Filters and Image Adjustments

NOTE: For this section you will need a picture. Make sure your photo hasn’t been edited.

1. Open Photoshop.

2. Go to ‘File > Open’ or Click ‘Ctrl/Cmd + O’. Then select the photo you have chosen.

Image Adjustments

Brightness and Contrast

  1. Go to ‘Image > Adjustments > Brightness/Contrast’
  2. You will now see two sliders, one for the brightness and the other for contrast. Play around with the slider till you think your photo looks better

Vibrance

  1. Go to ‘Image > Adjustments > Vibrance’
  2. You will now see to slider, one for vibrance and the other for saturation. Play around with the slider till you think your photo looks better.

There are a lot of other settings you can change. If you want to know what they all do you should play around with them. The main reason you would use them is to change the colour of a picture.

Filters.

  1. Go to ‘Filter > Filter Gallery’. This will open a new window. You might have to the zoom from ‘100%’ to ‘Fit in View’. This is located at the bottom left corner of the window.
  2. You will have a lot of different filters so the best thing to do is look at all of them and pick the best one.

Step 5: Creating a Wallpaper

I think that Photoshop is the best program to make wallpapers. There are a lot of tools and you can make a lot of different things. I will be showing you how to make a very simple wallpaper.

1. You have to get a theme for your wallpaper. For example, Movies, Animals, Cars and Landmarks. For this tutorial my theme is going to be Pixar. This is an animation studio who has made movie like Monster Inc, Cars and Toy Story.

2. Once you have chosen your theme you will need to get a Background picture which will be the main picture of the wallpaper. You will also need a logo for this tutorial. For example, if you pick Lamborghini you will need their logo or if you pick Pixar like me you will need the Pixar Logo. Make sure the background of your logo is transparent.

3. Now Open photoshop and create a new project. You will have to make the dimensions of the document you screen size. If you don’t know what your screen resolution is go can check by:

Windows – Start > Control Panel > Appearance and Personalization > Display > Adjust resolution
Mac – Apple Button > About This Mac > More Info > Displays

My resolution is 1440×900. I am going to make the PPI 300.
4. Now open your Background Picture and Logo.

5. Drag the background picture into the new document you created. Resize the picture and make it fit.
6. Rename the layer to ‘Background Picture’
7. Create new guides by going into ‘View > New Guide’

Make three vertical guides at 0%, 50% and 100%
Make three Horizontal guides at 40%, 50% and 60%

8. Now drag the logo in and centre it. Make sure it fits in between the 40% and 60% guides.
9. Select the rectangle shape and make the fill a gradient. Now click on the gradient which will open a new window. Bring the two small boxes on the left into the middle. Make the colour of the bottom one white. Now click on the top small box on the right. Make the opacity 0%. Now click on the left hand side (Top) to make a new small box. Make sure it is 0%. Then click ‘Ok’.
10. Use the rectangle tool to make a rectangle shape in the rectangular box that the guides make.
11. Double click on the rectangle box layer and make the opacity around about 50%.
12. Now create a new layer and place it at the top of all the layers.
13. Select the gradient tool and select the last gradient preset. Change the style to radial and click and drag from the bottom of the document to the top. This will make a fade.
14. Now save two copies. One ‘PSD’ and the other ‘PNG’. Use the ‘PNG’ as your Wallpaper.

Standard brochure printing sizes – International

A4

Paper size: 210×297 mm or 8.27×11.69 inches
A4 is one of the most used paper sizes everywhere and it’s the equivalent of the Letter size. It’s perfect for newsletters and other types of publications.
It can also be used as a nice tri-fold brochure.
A4 paper size provides a generous canvas for design, so you can pack a lot of information even on a single sheet of paper.

A5

Paper size: 148×210 mm or 5.83×8.27 inches
If you split an A4 in half, you will get the standard A5 paper size. The exact dimensions are listed above. It can be used as it is, or you can fold it in half to get a small bi-fold brochure.

A3

Paper size: 297×420 mm or 11.69×16.54 inches
The A3 is double the size of the A4. It’s commonly used for printing double layouts for catalogs and magazines, because you get 2 A4 pages out of one A3 sheet of paper. This size makes the perfect canvas for posters as well.

DL

Paper size: 110×220 mm or 8.66×4.33 inches
DL stands for dimension lengthwise. The size is a 3rd of an A4. It’s very often used for promotional flyers / brochures. Printing a DL flyer is cost-effective, so if you have a huge flyer order for an event or for promoting a sale, you should consider a small flyer.

Standard brochure printing sizes – US and Canada

Letter

Paper size: 8.5×11 inches
The letter size is widely used for business and academic needs all over the North American continent. The page is slightly wider than the standard A4 and shorter, lengthwise.

Legal

Paper size: 8.5×14 inches
The Legal format is used for legal documents. Has the same width as the Letter size, but it has a bigger height.

Half letter

Paper size 8.5×5.5 inches
No need to go into details regarding the size, because the name says it all. Half letter brochures are used for a variety of purposes.

Tabloid

Paper size 11×17 inches
The tabloid is similar in size to the A3, so it is used for posters, small-size newspapers and – as the name suggests – magazines. You get 2 letter pages out of one tabloid sheet.

Rack cards / Envelope size flyers

Paper size #10 Envelope  8.5×3.67 inches
If you want to print out a DL flyer in America you won’t have much luck. But if you make an inquiry at your print shop for envelope size flyers, they will know what you need. Ask for a flyer size that would fit a #10 envelope. 8.5” x 3.67” would be perfect.

Important point to remember

1. Determine your purpose.

2. Know your brochure folds.

3. Review your copy.

4. Choose your fonts.

5. Know your paper stock and coating.

6. Use high resolution photos.

7. Include a call-to-action

What Is a Half Fold Brochure?

A half-fold brochure, also called a bifold brochure, is made up of a single sheet of paper folded into two. This divides the brochure into two panels. The standard brochure size for the half-fold is 8.5” x 11”. This fold is best for simple product presentation, such as one or two product features.

What Is a Trifold Brochure?

The trifold brochure divides a single sheet of paper into three. The right panel folds underneath the left panel. The standard brochure size for the trifold brochure is 8.5” x 11”. As the most common fold, the trifold is great for general purposes. It provides a perfect balance between design and content.

What Is a Z-Fold Brochure?

The Z-fold brochure also divides a single sheet of paper into three. It got its name from its distinct Z-shape that folds each panel on top of one another. 8.5” x 11” is the standard brochure size for the Z-Fold. The Z-fold is also great for general product presentations.

What Is a Gate Fold Brochure?

The gate fold divides the paper into three unequal panels, with the side panels measuring one half of the width of the central panel. As the name implies, the side panels fold like a gate. The standard brochure size for the gate fold is 8.5” x 11”. The gate fold works great with single product presentations or graphic-heavy designs.

What Is a French Fold Brochure?

The French fold, also known as the right angle fold, is a unique fold that divides the brochure into four panels. The paper is folded in half, and then folded in half again, perpendicular to the first fold. The standard brochure size for the French fold is 8.5” x 14”. Graphic-heavy designs, maps, and invitations to sales and events are great content choices for the French fold.

What Is an Accordion Fold Brochure?

The accordion fold divides your brochure into four panels which fold on top of one another, like an accordion. 8.5” x 14” is the standard size for the accordion fold. Choose this fold if you want to detail a step-by-step tutorial for your customers.

What Is a Double Parallel Fold Brochure?

The double parallel brochure folds your paper in half to form two panels, and then in half again, to form two parallel folds that go in the same direction. The standard brochure size for the double parallel fold is 8.5” x 14”. This fold works well as a reference material that customers could use for your products and services.

What Is a Parallel Map Fold Brochure?

The parallel map fold is similar to the double parallel fold. The paper is folded in half, then each panel is folded again in half in opposite directions. 8.5” x 14” is the standard brochure size for the parallel map fold. The parallel map fold is ideal for information-heavy content, especially if you want to detail a wide range of products and services.

Logo Design

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